Wind energy potential in Uzbekistan.
At the International Business Center. was held The Second National Conference on the Wind Energy Potential Development of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Conference is another important step in harnessing the potential of renewable energy sources of Uzbekistan. The work has been done by the unitary enterprise “Talimarjan Thermal Power Plant” of Uzbekenergo and Intec-GOPA and GEONET companies (Germany) within the Talimarjan Transmission Project, supported by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank).
WIND ATLAS - an interactive digital and analytical map of wind energy potential (WEP) of Uzbekistan - was presented at the first conference a year ago. It was developed using a modelling software. The preliminary conservative analysis demonstrated that wind energy potential makes more than 520,000 MW of installed capacity and more than a billion of MWh a year.
On the basis of the WIND ATLAS, Uzbekenergo company has defined two perspective zones – one in Navoiy region and the other in the south of Karakalpakstan, as the areas of intensive industrial development, – to conduct further detailed measurement to define more accurately the WEP of these areas. Both sites have a huge area potential, expected good long term wind conditions and good access.
Meteorological masts of 85 meters high with devices to measure velocity and direction of wind as well as density and temperature of air have been erected in both zones. Through the satellite the measurements were sent online to the server for further analysis, which was used to calculate the most optimal unit rating of wind turbine and potential electric power output when preparing feasibility study for investment project. Based on the measurement data, a readily available industry standard wind turbine with 3MW generator capacity,100 m rotor, 100 m hub height was chosen for wind farm layout.
Twelve months of measurements in each zone demonstrated the following results for the 102 MW (34 units by 3 MW) wind park:
Nukus zone: the annual energy yield - 326 million kWh
Zarafshon zone: the annual energy yield – 358 million kWh
Both zones have a substantial potential for expansion, 60 000 MW for “Nukus” and 75 000 MW for “Zarafshon”, subject to expansion of the detailed measurement program.
Presented preliminary results of the feasibility study confirmed the bankability of both potential projects. The calculations made with the average annual production P50 yield tariffs between 4.7 and 5.7 US cents/kWh for “Zarafshon” and 5.3 – 6.4 US-cents/kWh for “Nukus” (ROE6%, carbon credits not included). Larger scale projects could drop the cost of kWh further.
During the Conference, the participants were also introduced to the modern trends in development of wind energy projects, equipment and types of financing for such projects.
The world leaders in wind turbines manufacturing – General Electric, Siemens, and Vestas shared their experience in developing onshore wind energy projects and new technologies in turbines design.
Experts from the International Finance Corporation and Global Infrastructure Fund introduced different financing schemes, including public-private partnership, independent power production, and the features of the bankable wind energy projects. IBRD representative once again expressed the support to the government of Uzbekistan and Uzbekenergo in wind energy development and informed that within the new Country Partnership Framework for 2016-2020 the World Bank Group allocates significant funds for the renewable energy and energy efficiency projects development.
Uzbekistan possesses significant wind resources that are suitable for development of commercially feasible large-scale wind power farms – that was a conclusion from the discussions of the Conference.
The following counterparts took part in the Conference: experts from the Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations, Investments and Trade, Fund for Reconstruction and Development, State Committee on Nature Protection, Hydromet Center under the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Tashkent State Technical University, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, non-governmental organizations, such as Association of Enterprises of Alternative Fuel and Power Sources and representatives of international organizations and development agencies.
The conference was also supported by the International Finance Corporation, a member of the World Bank Group, General Electric and Siemens companies, as well as the Embassy of the French Republic, the host country for the latest Conference of Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change.
Republic of Uzbekistan and the World Bank signed Loan Agreement for US$ 110 mln to implement Talimarjan Transmission Project on September 16, 2011. Technical Assistance component of the Project envisaged to help JSC Uzbekenergo in elaboration of the Program to develop renewable sources of energy including assessment of wind power potential.